Landscape and Panorama Photography

 Landscape and panorama photography are similar in that both forms of photography take distance shots with a wide field of view.
So what's the difference between the two?
The main difference between them is that a panorama shot can have up to a 360 degree field of view ( depending on your cameras capabilities). Panorama shots can be taken on smart phones, some compact cameras and most bridge cameras, but I have yet to use a DSLR camera that could take one. Landscape photos though can usually be taken on all cameras.

Landscape Photography

Switch your camera into Landscape mode and it allows allow you to take photos of a broad distant scene with no close focal points and usually reduces the vividness of large areas of green and blue. Smart phones, compact cameras and bridge cameras will take the shot using the cameras built in lens. Take the shot with a DSLR camera though and you will be able to change your lens to a specific wide angle lens. Wide angle lenses capture a very wide field of view, and are ideally suited for capturing all of the magnificent scenery in front of you. A graduated filter can also be used with a wide angled lens on a DSLR camera to colorise the sky while leaving the landscape below the horizon untouched. Hwever, this effect can also be achieved after the shot has been taken on any camera using digital manipulation software such as "paint shop pro" or "adobe photoshop" 

Panorama Photography

A panorama photo is created in a different way to a landscape photo in that when you place your camera into panorama mode your camera takes several shots and knits them together seamlessly to create one large wide photo.
To take a panoramic photo set your camera into panorama mode, you will be shown a flashing arrow on your view screen. Look through your view screen and line up your camera to where you would like the panoramic photo to begin. Press the shutter release button and slowly move your camera in the direction of the flashing arrow. It is important to keep your camera level and move it in a continues, smooth and jerk free manner.

A Panarama Shot Of The River Nene At Fotheringhay

The river Nene at Fotheringhay
As you move the camera in the direction of the arrow, the arrow will likely be replaced with a large rectangular progress bar. Keep moving the camera around in the same direction until the progress bar is full to complete taking the photograph. The direction in which the photo is shot can usually be changed in the cameras settings menu. Typical directions are from left to right or right to left and from ground to sky and sky to ground ( useful for for taking shots of tall buildings)
The range of panoramic view you can shoot ranges from 180 degrees to 360 degrees. This is usually preset and determined by your cameras capability, However, some cameras will allow you to choose between a 180 degree half rotation and a 360 degree full rotation in their settings menu.
Due to the fact that many shots are knitted together to create the finished panoramic photo this photo will be considerably improved by using a tripod on a video setting. This setting holds the camera level while allowing the camera to rotate through 360 degrees.

Find a good vantage point and use a tripod

You are going to be taking a photo of the landscape scenery in front of you or in the case of a panoramic shot possibly all around you. Therefore it is important to determine a good vantage point where there are no obstacles or distractions to spoil the view. It is equally important though to set up a tripod if you have one. This will improve considerably the final quality of your photo by reducing camera shake as the photo is being taken. This is especially true in panorama photography where the process knits several photos together. In the case of panorama photography you should set your tripod up in video mode this holds the camera level while at the same time allowing the camera to be rotated through 360 degrees.